Sikkim is a north eastern state of India. It borders China in its north and east, Bhutan in its east, Nepal in its west and the Indian state of West Bengal in its south. Sikkim is also situated near to the Siliguri Corridor near Bangladesh. Sikkim is the least populous, second smallest among the Indian states. A portion of the Eastern Himalaya and Sikkim is notable for its biodiversity, including alpine and subtropical weather, as well as being a host to Kanchenjunga, the highest peak in India and third highest on Earth. Sikkim’s capital and largest city is Gangtok. Almost 35% of the state is enclosed by the “Khangchendzonga National Park”.
The monarchy of Sikkim was found on the Silk Road by the “Namgyal dynasty” in the 17th century. It was ruled by a Buddhist priest king called the Chogyal. It became a generous state of British India in 1890. Later than the People’s Republic of China invade Tibet, Sikkim continued its territory status with the authority and republic of India.
The history of Sikkim an region in present day North-East India, begins with associates between ancient Tibetans and Hindus, followed by the organization of a Buddhists kingdom in the 17th centuries. Sikkim emerge as a polity in its personal right against a backdrop of incursion from Bhutan and Tibet, during which the kingdom enjoy unstable degree of freedom. In the early 18th century, the British Empire required to set up trade routes with Tibet, leading Sikkim to fall below British suzerainty until self-government in 1947.
Best places to visit in Sikkim
- Tsomgo Lake
- Nathula Pass
- Rumtek Monastery
- Do-Drul Chorten
- Jawaharlal Nehru Botanical Garden
- Namgyal Institue of Tibetology
- Yumthang Valley
Best time to visit Sikkim
The temperature in this town during the months of “May to September” is moderate with the maximum temperature being 28 to 30 degrees Celcius. North Sikkim experience kind to heavy rainfall during the months of “July and September”. The climate during the winter is very cruel with the temperature falling to freezing, it is not sensible to visit this town in this time.
March – June : The summers are the most excellent time to visit North Sikkim as the climate, though on the cooler side and is pleasant.
July – September : The monsoons, although not ideal, are a good time to visit North Sikkim. It receive moderate showers, the rains only add to its exuberant charm.
October – February : The winters are absolutely not the best time to visit North Sikkim as it gets extremely cold due to its place on a high elevation.
How to reach Sikkim
By Air : There is no airport in the state. The only airport around is in “Bagdogra in West Bengal” approximately 124 km away from Gangtok. It takes about 5 hrs from Bagdogra by road in cabs or bus. There is a helicopter service from Bagdogra to Gangtok which takes approx 30 mins.
By Train : Being a mountain state, it doesn’t have any railway station, is not mentioned on the rail map. The only station nearest to the state is the station at new Jalpaiguri in West Bengal which is approximately 125km away from Gangtok the capital. Taxis, Cabs, Busses take you from the station to the capital in around 5 hrs.
By Road : The state is connected to Siliguri, the shortest and nearest to the state. The distance is approximately 114km. Darjeeling a hill station in West Bengal is also linked to Sikkim, One can hire cab’s, buses or hire taxi’s.