Gangtok is the capital, the largest town of the “Indian state of Sikkim”. It also is the center of operations of the East Sikkim district. Gangtok is situated in the eastern Himalayan range, at an height of 1,650 m. The town’s population of 100,000 belongs to dissimilar ethnicities such as Bhutia, Nepalis, and Lepchas. Nestled within higher peaks of the Himalaya and enjoying a year-round mild moderate weather, Gangtok is at the centre of Sikkim’s tourism industry.
The exact meaning of the name “Gangtok” is undecided, though the most well-liked meaning is “hill cut”. Today, “Gangtok” is a centre of Tibetan Buddhist ethnicity and learning, with the religious educational institution, presence of several monasteries and centres for Tibetology.
Best tourism places in Gangtok
- Tsongmo Lake
- Rumtek monastery
- Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve
- Pemayangtse Monastery
- Deorali Orchid Sanctuary
- Yumthang Valley
- The Himalayan Zoological Park
- Jawaharlal Nehru Botanical Gardens
- The Thakurbari Temple and The Ganesh Tok
Tsomgo Lake is also called Changu Lake or Tsongmo Lake, is a hostile pond in the East Sikkim region of the Indian state of Sikkim, some 40 kms from the capital Gangtok. Situated at an height of 3,753 m, the lake leftovers frozen during the winter season. The lake surface reflect dissimilar colours with change of season, is apprehended in enormous respect by the limited Sikkimese citizens. Buddhist monks prognosticated after studying the changing colour of the lake.
Rumtek Monastery is also known as the Dharmachakra Centre, is a gompa situated in the Indian state of Sikkim close to the capital Gangtok. It is a central point for the sectarian tension within the Karma Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism that distinguish the Karmapa controversy.
Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve
Kanchenjunga National Park also famous as Kanchenjunga Biosphere Reserve is a National Park, a Biosphere reserve situated in Sikkim, India. It was extolled to the “UNESCO World Heritage” Sites register on July 17, 2016, flattering the first “Mixed Heritage” site of India. The park gets its name from the mountain Kanchenjunga (Khangchendzonga) which is 8,586 m tall, the third highest peak in the world. The total area of this park is “849.5 km2”.
“Rabdentse” was the 2nd capital of the former monarchy of Sikkim started from 1670 and end in 1814. The capital municipality was cracked by the invade Gurkha army, only the ruins of the fortress and the chortens are seen here now. Though, the ruins of this city are seen near Pelling and in West Sikkim region in the “Northeastern Indian state” of present day Sikkim.
Best time to visit Gangtok
Winters in Gangtok are just amazing, the weather is clear, the sun doesn’t harm that much, the views of the valleys and mountains are extremely gorgeous. Temperature in December to February goes to an average low of approximately 4°C while the summer season from April to June sees an average maximum of 22°C.
How to reach Gangtok
By Air :The airport closest to Gangtok is approximately 124 kms away in Bagdogra, West Bengal. From the airport, you can take a private vehicle or a shared taxi that will get you to Gangtok in a matter of two hours. From Bagdogra, you can also take a “TSA helicopter” to get to Gangtok. On the other hand, their service depends on the climate conditions. Chopper flights also get cancelled on the pretext of not enough bookings.
By Train : The closest railway station to Gangtok is approximatelt 148 kms away in New Jalpaiguri in Siliguri. The station is well linked to major cities like New Delhi and Kolkata. From New Jalpaiguri you can go to “Siliguri Bus Station”, catch a state run bus to Gangtok, which will take you around 5 to 6 hours or hire a taxi to Gangtok.
By Road : Tourists rolling in from close by places like Kalimpong, Kolkata, Darjeeling, and Siliguri prefer to drive to Gangtok. The roads are well maintain, except in a few place.